There are distinctive differences between IBD and Inflammatory bowel syndrome. These differences also influence the course of treatment suggested by the doctors. In IBD, inflammation and ulcers are caused in the upper and lower intestines accompanied by extreme pain in the abdominal region. IBS is known by different names, like mucous colitis, spastic colitis, spastic colon, nervous diarrhea, and nervous stomach. IBD, on the other hand, can be characteristically segregated into 2 diseases, viz., Ulcerative Colitis (UC), and Crohn's Disease (CD).
IBS is related with some kind of disturbance in the bowel functioning. This gastrointestinal disorder is not really a disease; rather it reflects a collection of symptoms. The IBS symptoms would normally involve irregular bowel formation and functioning causing constipation, diarrhea, chromic abdominal pain / discomfort, etc. Individuals affected with IBS might have other functional irregularities like Fibromyalgia, chronic pelvic pains, chronic fatigue symptoms, etc. Though IBS is also referred to as mucous colitis or spastic colitis by several people, those are not very accurate. When inflammation occurs in the large intestine (colon) it is referred to as colitis. But inflammation does not occur in IBS.
When examination of the colon is conducted, no diseases are indicated in IBS but definite signs are shown in Ulcerative colitis. The inflammations caused in IBD are very dangerous whereas the conditions in IBS are much less severe. Permanent damage to the upper and lower intestines does not happen in IBS. Neither is there any kind of intestinal bleeding. People affected with IBD or IBD-related gastrointestinal ailments are also prone to colon cancers. IBS treatment is much less intensive than that of IBD. In IBD, people might need surgeries or powerful medicines to reduce the pain.
Immunosuppressive medicines or steroids are often prescribed for IBD patients but those are not encompassed in the IBS treatment regime. But this does not imply that patients suffering from IBS do not face any problems in their day to day lives. The ability to work in an unhindered manner is often lost in case of IBS patients. They need to visit the washroom often, and soiling of pants becomes a common incident. IBS can create a serious dent in a person's composure and confidence. Travelling to places where no toilets are present might be worrying for the people suffering from IBS. The social life and the self-image of IBS-afflicted people take a beating.
Recently it has been revealed that IBS treatment (indirect and direct medical expenses), accounts for more than twenty billion dollars yearly in USA. Many individuals consider IBS and IBD to be the same. This is because of certain similarities existent between these two. In order to manage the conditions properly accurate diagnosis needs to be done. As the root cause has yet to be determined, IBS treatment is mainly directed towards the symptoms. Educating people about IBS is very crucial and by applying basic IBS diet treatment, lot of benefits can be got. Stress-management techniques like deep breathing and yoga are also helpful for IBS-affected people.