Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) such as Crohn's Disease and ulcerative colitis, is an inflammation of the intestines in the digestive system. These ailments cause the intestines to form ulcers and swellings, and scars. The most widespread symptoms of IBD are diarrhea, acute abdominal pain, cramping, fever and weariness. Diet and nutrition may play a vital role in IBD management to avoid becoming malnourished and severe weight loss.
Recommended IBD Diet for People with Crohn's Disease and Ulcerative Colitis:
• Drinking eight (8) to ten (10) glasses to prevent dehydration and constipation.
• Your doctor or your trusted dietitian may propose a daily multivitamin-mineral supplement to replenish lost nutrients in the body whilst experiencing IBD disease.
• Have a food intake that is high in fiber when IBD is still manageable like grain products, vegetables, fruits, nuts and seeds. Cooking and steaming the vegetables before eating is more tolerable than eating them raw for most patients.
• During a disease flare, lower intake of high fiber foods and pursue a low fiber diet or even a low residue diet may give the bowel a rest and reduce symptoms.
• Refrain away from lactose-containing foods like as dairy products if you are lactose intolerance, or else, you may have lactase enzymes and lactase pretreated foods.
• It is essential to maintain nourishing your body even at some point of a disease flare. You may have small meals taken frequently in a day. Eating a diet that is high in protein such as lean meats, fish and eggs, may aid you alleviate symptoms of IBD. Your registered dietitian may give you pre-digested nutritional drinks (an elemental diet) to give your bowel a form of relaxation and recover lost nutrients to allow the body to recuperate.
• Reduce coffee, alcohol and sorbitol (a kind of sweetener usually used in making ice creams) as these may aggravate IBD symptoms.
• Reduce intake of foods that has high gas contents like those vegetables that belongs to the cabbage family (broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and brussels sprouts). Additionally, dried peas and lentils, onions, chives, and peppers, and even carbonated drinks should also be taken with limitations.
• Lower fat intake if a portion of the intestines has been removed by virtue of Crohn's surgery. High fat foods typically cause diarrhea and gas build up on the body.
• If the ileum in the small intestines has been resected, an injection of Vitamin B12 injection may be needed.
• According to some studies fish and flax seed oil may aid you manage IBD. Some also cites the part of prebiotics like psyllium in the treatment of the ailment. Alas, probiotics may also be useful in the recovery of the intestines from inflammation and damage.